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PREVENTING CHRONIC DISEASES

See also Show-Me Better Health

Definition: In medicine, a chronic disease is a disease that is long lasting or recurrent.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chronic diseases-such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis- are among the most common, costly, and preventable of all health problems in the U.S.

How are acute and chronic illness different?

Acute Conditions

(Strep throat, broken bone)

Chronic Conditions

(Diabetes, Heart Disease)

Beginning

Rapid
Gradual, up and down
Cause
Usually one
Many
Duration
Short
Indefinite
Diagnosis
Commonly accurate
Often uncertain, especially early
Tests
Often decisive
Often of limited value
Treatment
Cure common
Cure rare
Role of Professional
Select and conduct therapy
Teach and advise
Role of Patient
Follow orders and advise
Partner of health provider, responsible for daily management

Chart from the Book: Living a Healthy Life with Chronic Conditions.

 

The Symptom Cycle

Many people assume that the symptoms they experience are due to only one cause: the disease.  While the disease can cause, pain, shortness of breath and fatigue, it is not the only cause. Each symptom can by themselves contribute to the other, make each worse and can even feed on each other.

 

 

 

Top 4 Common Causes of

Chronic Disease

     - Lack of Physical Activity

     - Poor Nutrition

     - Tobacco Use

     - Excessive Alcohol Consumption

These four causes are responsible for much of the illness, suffering, and early death related to chronic disease.

 

4 Easy Steps to Prevent

Chronic Illness

       - Healthy Food Habits

             -Go for whole grains

             -Vary your vegetables-use in

              fresh in season, frozen or

              canned.

             -Buy fresh fruits in season or use

              dried, frozen or canned

             -Drink/Eat low fat dairy products

             -Eat lean protein sources

       - Physical Activity

             -Take a brisk walk on a regular

               basis

             -Adults should get 30 minutes of

              moderate physical activity on

              most day of the week or at least

              20 minutes of vigorous exercise

              3 days per week.

        - Be Tobacco Free

              -Join a Smoking Cessation

                Class

              -Call the Quit Line-

                1-800-QUIT-NOW

         - Get Screenings

               -Discover Health problems

                earlier when they are easier to

                treat.

               -Provide important information

                to help you stay healthy now

                and in the future.   

How healthy is Pulaski County?

      - Ranked 109 out of 115 counties

        for Health Behaviors.

      - 30% of adults in Pulaski Co. are

        smokers. (That's 5% above the

        state rate.)

      - 32% of adults in Pulaski Co. are

        obese (which means they have

        a BMI above 30.0).

      - 13% of Pulaski County Adults

         are reported to be binge

         drinkers.

      - Pulaski Co. has a Premature

        death rate of 8,707 versus the

        State rate at 8,112 (per 100,000

        population)

     - 7 out of 10 Missourians will die

       each year from a chronic illness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources:

Living a Health Life with Chronic Conditions, Third Edition 2006

http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/index.htm

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/print/missouri/pulaski

http://lifedependsonit.com

 

Last updated: May 30, 2013 2:26 PM

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